Jungle Rice

Biological Name:

Jungle-Rice: Echinochloa colona

Natural Habitat:

Jungle-Rice: The natural habitat for Jungle-Rice is in wetlands and floodplains in Asia.


Jungle-rice is a type of grass that is commonly found in fields and other grassy areas. It is a member of the Poaceae family which also includes plants such as wheat and corn. Jungle-rice is an annual or perennial plant that produces small green or brown flowers and clusters of seeds. The plant is often used as a cover crop to improve soil health and suppress weeds. It is also known for its ability to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions including wet or dry soils. In some areas jungle-rice is considered a weed because of its ability to invade cultivated areas and cause allergies and other health problems.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Is Jungle rice edible?
A: Edible Uses Used as a millet[183]. The seed can be cooked whole or ground into a flour and used as a mush or porridge[257]. Young plants and shoots – raw or cooked[105, 144]. Eaten raw with rice[183].

Q: What is the healthiest rice?
A: Whole grains like brown rice are healthier than processed grains. They contain more fiber, which helps you to feel full faster and keeps your digestive system running well. In fact, federal dietary guidelines recommend eating at least 3 ounces of whole grains a day.

Q: Which rice type is best?
A: Therefore, choosing whole-grain brown, red, black, or wild rice is an excellent choice for health. Plus, these varieties are richer in disease-fighting antioxidants. Consuming a diet high in antioxidant-rich foods can benefit health in many ways.

Q: What is Chinese forbidden rice?
A: Forbidden rice is a medium-grain, non-glutinous heirloom rice with a deep purple hue and a nutty, slightly sweet flavor. This whole-grain rice is rich in anthocyanins, which are antioxidant pigments that give the rice its unusual color.

Q: Can wild rice be toxic?
A: Wild rice seeds can be infected with a toxic fungus called ergot, which may be dangerous if eaten. Some side effects of ergot toxicity include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, dizziness, seizures, and mental impairment.

Q: Is wild rice OK for diabetics?
A: Share on Pinterest In moderation, some types of rice can be healthful for people with diabetes. It is best to choose brown or wild rice because these types have a higher fiber content than white rice, so it takes longer for the body to digest them.

Q: How do you identify jungle rice?
A: Leaves are rolled in the bud. Leaf blades are flat and usually have a hairless upper surface. They are about 1-1/5 to 8 inches (3–22 cm) long and often have purplish banding. These purple bands are what distinguish junglerice from similar looking barnyardgrass, dallisgrass and crabgrass.

Q: What is panicle rice?
A: Panicles: Panicles form the rice inflorescence. It is the top part of the rice plant, carried on the last inter-node. Panicles are composed of primary ramifications (small branches) that carry secondary branches themselves carrying the pedicels which carry the spikelets.

Q: What are the weeds in rice field?
A: The 10 most common weed species of rice worldwide are Echinochloa crusgalis, E. colonum, Cyperus difformis, C. rotundus, C. iria, Eleusine indica, Fimbristylis miliacea, Ischaemum rugosum, Monochoria vaginalis and Sphenoclea zeylanica.

Q: What are the weeds of lowland rice?
A: glabrescens, Monochoria vaginalis, Fimbristylis miliacea and Paspalum distichum were found in 100, 77, 59 and 58%, resp., of the fields surveyed. Potential problem weeds identified were Scirpus supinus, Lindernia anagallis and Marsilea minuta.

Q: How do I get rid of jungle rice?
A: An application of clethodim alone provided the highest control of junglerice at 88%. A glyphosate + clethodim mixture provided similar results at 87%.

Q: What is the common name of jungle rice?
A: SuperorderLilianae – monocots, monocotyledons, monocotylédonesOrderPoalesFamilyPoaceae – grasses, graminéesGenusEchinochloa P. Beauv. – cockspur, cockspur grass, barnyardgrassSpeciesEchinochloa colona (L.) Link – watergrass, jungle rice, junglerice, jungle ricegrass

Q: What is the local name of jungle rice?
A: Echinochloa colona, commonly known as jungle rice, deccan grass, or awnless barnyard grass, is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. It was formerly classified as a species of Panicum.

Q: Which herbicide is best for rice?
A: A postemergence grass herbicide, Clincher controls a wide spectrum of annual and seedling perennial grasses in rice, such as barnyardgrass (including ALS-, propanil- and quinclorac-resistant species), sprangletop, knotgrass, broadleaf signalgrass, fall panicum and junglerice.

Q: How do you control weeds in rice?
A: In transplanted rice, hand weeding twice on 15 – 20 DAT and 45 DAT will control the weeds effectively (or) Pendimethalin 3.0 lit/ha at 8 DAT with optimum moisture condition and one hand weeding on 45 DAT.

Q: Did paraquat use rice fields?
A: Paraquat is frequently used to burn down weeds in soybean fields before planting and again to dry the plants in preparation for harvest. Rice is extremely susceptible to damage from this herbicide. In the Delta, rice fields are frequently located adjacent to fields where paraquat is used.

About the author

Samuel is a gardening professional and enthusiast who has spent over 20 years advising homeowners and farm owners on weed identification, prevention and removal. He has an undergraduate degree in plant and soil science from Michigan State University.